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The actual provenance of these threads is uncertain, as Gonella was not authorized to take or retain genuine shroud material, Raymond Rogers stated in a 2005 article that he performed chemical analyses on these undocumented threads, and compared them to the undocumented Raes threads as well as the samples he had kept from his STURP work.He stated that his analysis showed: "The radiocarbon sample contains both a gum/dye/mordant coating and cotton fibers. that discarding the blind-test method would expose the results – whatever they may be – to suspicion of unreliability. Shredding the samples would not solve the problem, while making it much more difficult and wasteful to clean the samples properly.
The labs were also each given three control samples (one more than originally intended), that were: and communicated their results to the British Museum.The remaining sample, measuring 81 mm × 16 mm (3.19 in × 0.63 in) and weighing 300 mg, was first divided in two equal parts, one of which was preserved in a sealed container, in the custody of the Vatican, in case of future need.The other half was cut into three segments, and packaged for the labs in a separate room by Dr Tite and the archbishop.Most female victims of intimate partner violence were previously victimized by the same offender, including 77% of females ages 18 to 24, 76% of females ages 25 to 34, and 81% of females ages 35 to 49.[x]81% of women who experienced rape, stalking, or physical violence by an intimate partner reported significant short- or long-term impacts such as post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and injury.[iii]An estimated 13% of women and 6% of men have experienced sexual coercion in their lifetime (i.e.
unwanted sexual penetration after being pressured in a nonphysical way).As a precautionary measure, a piece twice as big as the one required by the protocol was cut from the Shroud; it measured 81 mm × 21 mm (3.19 in × 0.83 in).